Clean Up Orphaned Foreign Security Principals - Folder Security Viewer

Windows Server: Clean Up Orphaned Foreign Security Principals

This article will show different ways to clean up orphaned Foreign Security Principals. There are more ways to do it, but before any method described, it is needed to say that if it is possible, clean your “orphaned FSP’s” with GUI method. PowerShell methods are not recommended to users without excellent knowledge of console, due to possible issues that method can cause. 

But first, let’s see overview – What is FSP? 

Overview 

Foreign Security Principals (FSPs) are security principals, created when an object ( user, computer or group) is added to some domain group, but with origins from an external trusted domain. 

FSP is recognized by mark. It is marked with a red curly arrow connected to an icon of object and acts as a pointer. 

Active Directory creates them automatically, after adding security principal from another forest to a group from that domain. 

When security principal, on which FSP is pointing,  is removed, the FSP becomes orphan. Orphan is a term used for FSP’s which have no more principals, FSP is pointing on.   

In the case of the creation of the same principle, old FSP will still be orphaned. New FSP will have different   SID ( security identifier) number, no matter what principle is the same. 

The outcome could be that FSP that is once orphaned, stays orphaned forever until it is removed/cleaned up by the administrator. 

There are two ways of identification and cleaning orphaned FSP. It can be done by GUI ( Graphics User Interface), and by PowerShell console. 

Identification and clean up of orphaned FSP via GUI 

As mentioned before, this is the most recommended way of cleaning orphaned FSP’s. 

In “GUI” way, orphaned FSP can be found in Active Directory Users and Computers console, when advanced features are enabled (If advanced features are not enabled, FSP won’t be seen). They are stored in the ForeignSecurityPrincipals container. Orphaned FSP can be identified through column “Readable Name”. 

If FSP is orphaned, Readable Name column in the console will show up empty. 

They can be cleaned by selection and right-click deletion. 

Cleaning FSP via PowerShell 

For PowerShell cleaning, all FSP objects first have to be listed. 

All FSP’s can be listed by usage of Get-ADObject cmdlet. 

Get-ADObject -Filter {ObjectClass -eq ForeignSecurityPrincipal'} 

When listed, they can be removed by usage of the Translate method, but precaution is advised. There is a possibility, in case of network connectivity issue  FSP’s can be seen as momentarily orphaned, PowerShell method will delete them too, and that can make problems due to SID change.

$ForeignSecurityPrincipalList = Get-ADObject -Filter {ObjectClass eq 
 ‘foreignSecurityPrincipal' }    
foreach($FSP in $ForeignSecurityPrincipalList)  
{      
Try     
 {$null=(New-Object System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier($FSP.objectSid)).Translate([System.Security.Principal.NTAccount])}      
Catch    
  {Remove-ADObject -Identity $FSP}  
} 

Scheduled removal of orphaned FSP 

A task can be scheduled to make removal of orphaned FSP automatic.  

The best way to remove FSP by schedule  is by created script like for example : 

 The fictive company has a monthly turnover of  50 employees. 

A custom script can be made to delete orphaned FSP’s in the time range of 1 month  : 

 

Import-Module -Name OrphanForeignSecurityPrincipals 
$MyCompanyTurnover = 20 
 $OrphanFSPListFilePath ='c:\temp\OFSP.txt' 
$OrphanForeignSecurityPrincipalsList = Get-OrphanForeignSecurityPrincipal TabDelimitedFile $OrphanFSPListFilePath 

If ($OrphanForeignSecurityPrincipalsList) 
 { 
    If ($OrphanForeignSecurityPrincipalsList.Count -gt $MyCompanyTurnover) 
    { 
        $MailParameters = @{ 
            SmtpServer = 'mail.mycompany.com' 
            From       = 'NoReply@mycompany.com' 
            To         = 'Administrator@mycompany.com' 
            Subject    = "Orphan Foreign Security Principals found" 
            Body       = 'Please check attached file.' 
            Attachment = $OrphanFSPListFilePath 
        } 
          Send-MailMessage @MailParameters 
    }    else { 
        Remove-OrphanForeignSecurityPrincipal -TabDelimitedFile $OrphanFSPListFilePath 
    } 
} 

Recovery of deleted FSP 

Deleted orphaned FSP’s can be restored by restoring it from recycle bin if recycle bin feature is activated before deletion is made. 

FSP can be restored via PowerShell cmdlets too : 

An object can be found  with the following cmdlet, and after they are listed, selected orphaned FSP’s can be restored: 

Get-ADObject -Filter 'IsDeleted -eq $TRUE' -IncludeDeletedObjects | Where-Object {$_.DistinguishedName -like "CN=S-*"} 

There is one more way of restoring orphaned Foreign security principals that we need to mention.  

It is the way of following same steps as made before first creation. By adding foreign user/computer/group account into the same groups where it has been before it got orphaned status. This step will create the same Foreign Security principal as it was before, just with different SID number. 

 

Avoid having problems on the FSP or Foreign Security Principals

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